The Acropolis of Athens and the Parthenon. The Acropolis is the most popular tourist spot in Athens. Acropolis used to be a power city within a city. The site contains the well preserved ancient buildings, most notable the Parthenon, the famous temple of the goddess Athena, the patron of Athens. A bit of hiking is required to reach Acropolis because it located on top of the city. Other fascinating structure in the Acropolis include the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, and the temple of Athena Nike.